Best Chemotherapy Treatment in Delhi

Chemotherapy is a category of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs. Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent (which almost always involves combinations of drugs), or it may aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms (palliative chemotherapy).

How long does it last?

For best results, the patient will need regular chemotherapy over a period that will be specified by the oncologist, or cancer specialist.A plan will be drawn up that specifies when treatment sessions will occur and for how long.

A course of treatment can range from a single dose on one day to a few weeks, depending on the type and stage of the cancer.Patients who need more than one course of treatment will have a rest period to allow their body to recover.

How is the dose given?

Depending on the type of cancer, the patient may take chemotherapy orally, in tablet form, or intravenously, injected into the vein.

Tablets:

If the patient’s health allows, tablets can sometimes be taken at home. However, the patient will have to make regular hospital visits to check their health and response to treatment.

The tablets must be taken exactly when specified. If the patient forgets to take one at a specific time, they should call the medical team immediately.

Intravenous chemotherapy: Best Chemotherapy Treatment in Delhi

This may be injected directly into a vein with a needle or delivered through an intravenous infusion.

It may be given through a drip or pushed through a pump, to ensure a constant rate of delivery.Devices used to deliver the solution include a catheter, a central line, and a portacath. A portacath is an implantable port, a thin, soft, flexible plastic tube that goes into a vein.

Adverse effects

Chemotherapy often involves severe adverse effects, but recent scientific advances mean that many of these are far more manageable than in the past. Depending on the type and extent of the treatment and other individual factors, adverse effects can range from mild to severe. Some people will have no adverse effects. The impact of treatment on a person’s daily life will depend on the extent of the symptoms.

Here are some of the adverse effects that may occur.

  • Nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting affect over 70 percent of patients. Anti-emetic drugs may help. These should be taken even when symptoms have gone, to prevent them from returning.

  • Alopecia, or hair loss

Chemotherapy can lead to hair loss. Hair may start to fall out or become thin or brittle a few weeks after treatment begins with some types of chemotherapy. It can affect any part of the body. Hair normally grows back soon after treatment is finished. Nails, too, can become flaky and brittle. The skin may become dry and sore and oversensitive to sunlight. Patients should stay out of the sun during peak times, use sun blocks, and wear clothes that provide maximum protection.

  • Fatigue

Fatigue is a common side effect. It may be present most of the time or only after certain activities. Patients should get plenty of rest and avoid tasks that are overtiring. Severe tiredness should be reported to the doctor, as a significant drop in red blood cells could be leading to anaemia.

  • Low blood platelet count and bleeding problems

Also known as thrombocytopenia, this can lead to blood clotting problems. To reduce the risk of bleeding, patients should:

  • Use an electric razor, or avoid shaving
  • Use a soft toothbrush
  • Take care when using sharp objects, such as kitchen utensils or gardening tools.
  • Low red blood-cell count and anaemia

Red blood cells carry oxygen to all the tissues in the body. A low level of red blood cells will lead to anaemia. Symptoms include tiredness, shortness of breath, and heart palpitations. Good food sources of iron include dark green leafy vegetables, beans, meat, nuts, prunes, raisins, and apricots.

  • Mucositis

Mucositis, or inflammation of the mucous membrane, can affect any part of the digestive system, including the mouth, oesophagus, stomach, intestines, the rectum, and the anus. Symptoms disappear a few weeks after finishing treatment.

  • Loss of appetite

Either chemotherapy or the cancer itself can affect the body’s metabolism, leading to a loss of appetite and weight loss until the cancer goes into remission or until treatment is finished. Severity depends on the type of cancer and chemotherapy treatment. Taking smaller, more frequent meals may help to keep up a supply of nourishment. Drinking liquids through a straw can help maintain fluid intake.

      • Pregnancy and fertility

Many patients temporarily lose interest in sex during chemotherapy. Libido usually returns after treatment is completed. Depending on the type of medication administered, chemotherapy may also reduce fertility in men and women. Fertility often, but not always, returns after treatment is over. Patients who may wish to have children in the future may consider freezing sperm or embryos for later use. Many chemotherapy drugs may cause congenital disabilities, so it is important to avoid becoming pregnant during treatment. A barrier method of birth control should be used during treatment and for at least a year after. Oral birth control methods may interfere with chemotherapy. If a woman is pregnant or becomes pregnant at the time of treatment, it is essential to tell the doctor at once.

      • Bowel problems

Diarrhoea can result when damaged cells are suddenly expelled from the body. Constipation may also occur. These symptoms often begin a few days after treatment starts.

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Best chemotherapy treatment in Delhi

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