Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men (after skin cancer), but it can often be treated successfully. The prostate is a small walnut shaped gland in the pelvis of men. It is located next to the bladder and can be examined by getting a digital rectal exam. Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate gland. It is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths for men in the U.S. About 1 in 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime. This year, nearly 175,000 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer.
Data collated by Delhi’s Cancer Registry shows that prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer among men in the city, just behind oral and lung cancer cases.
Its overall incidence rate is already 10-12 per cent. A survey done by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and Safdarjung Hospital shows the fatal disease has not even spared other metropolitan cities like Kolkata, Pune, Trivandrum, Bangalore and Mumbai where young men are falling prey to it.
Doctors have attributed this trend to two main reasons -poor eating habits and smoking. “Smoking and eating junk and preserved food has made men more prone to prostate cancer in cities.
Burden of disease-Globocan 2018 data
New Cases: 25,999
No. of people living with the disease (5 year prevalence for all ages): 31,357
Researchers are of the belief that incidence of prostate cancer is likely to double by 2020. There is a need to increase talks and discussions regarding early signs, symptoms, risk factors and detection of prostate cancer. IANS quotes experts as saying that prostate cancer is a cancer which grows slowly. It can be cured if a person is detected with it at an early stage. As per the Indian Medical Council of Research, prostate cancer is the second leading cancer among males in cities like Pune, Kolkata, Delhi and Thiruvananthapuram. It is the third leading cancer in cities like Mumbai and Bengaluru.
Prostate cancer is likely to go undetected as the symptoms include difficulty in passing urine, burning sensation while passing urine and increased frequency of urination. All these symptoms are ignored since they are thought to be a normal part of ageing. It is thus important for people above the age of 40 to get screening for prostate cancer every year.
Prostate cancer can sometimes occur with enlargement of prostate – which is a normal physiological process. It starts after 40 years of age, and can sometimes become cancerous.